Briefing journalists in New York, Fred Eckhard said the AU monitors had reached their conclusions after investigating the violent scenes of 12 August, when a group of IDPs from Kalma camp attacked and killed another IDP, prompting the Sudanese authorities to intervene.Aid workers were not allowed into the camp at Kalma, in South Darfur, for three days after the Sudanese military stepped in, halting the distribution of relief items to the camp’s thousands of residents. Humanitarian access has since resumed.The violence began when IDPs at Kalma attacked Arab IDPs from a neighbouring camp, accusing them of taking part in ethnically motivated attacks against their families. An Arab IDP who worked for the non-governmental organization (NGO) CARE-International was killed.AU monitors are in place in Darfur as a response to more than a year of violent civil strife that has led to what is widely viewed as currently the world’s worst humanitarian crisis. More than 1.2 million people live as IDPs and another 200,000 as refugees in Chad because of attacks by Janjaweed militias and fighting between Sudanese forces and two rebel groups.Meanwhile, the body charged with making sure that Khartoum meets its commitments to restore security to Darfur and disarm the Janjaweed militias holds its fourth meeting tonight.The Joint Implementation Mechanism (JIM), which is co-chaired by Jan Pronk, the Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Sudan, will discuss what progress has been made so far by Khartoum. JIM is comprised of Sudanese and UN officials.Mr. Pronk is expected to travel to New York later this month to present his assessment report on Khartoum’s progress to Secretary-General Kofi Annan.In South Darfur, about 6,000 IDPs living in Yara have told UN officials that their village is more secure following the deployment of 94 policemen to the area. Installing extra police in unstable areas was one of the pledges made by the Sudanese authorities.In a separate development, delegates from the Government and the rebel Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) – which have been fighting a 21-year civil war in the country’s south – are expected to attend a conference in Nairobi, Kenya, next week about landmines.The proliferation of landmines in the south of Sudan, Africa’s largest country, is one of the issues facing Khartoum and the SPLM as they hold peace talks this year that are expected to finally resolve their conflict.
Documents: EPA knew before spill that gold mine was at risk of toxic water ‘blowout’ WASHINGTON – U.S. officials knew of the potential for a catastrophic “blowout” of poisonous wastewater from an inactive gold mine, yet appeared to have only a cursory plan to deal with such an event when a government cleanup team triggered a 3-million-gallon spill, according to internal documents released by the Environmental Protection Agency.The EPA released the documents late Friday following weeks of prodding from The Associated Press and other media organizations. While shedding some light on the circumstances surrounding the accident, the newly disclosed information also raises more questions about whether enough was done to prevent it.The Aug. 5 spill came as workers excavated the entrance to the idled Gold King Mine near Silverton, Colorado, unleashing a torrent of toxic water that fouled rivers in three states.A June 2014 work order for a planned cleanup noted the mine had not been accessible since 1995, when the entrance partially collapsed.“This condition has likely caused impounding of water behind the collapse,” the report said. “Conditions may exist that could result in a blowout of the blockages and cause a release of large volumes of contaminated mine waters and sediment from inside the mine.”A May 2015 action plan produced by an EPA contractor, Environmental Restoration LLC, also noted the potential for a blowout. It was not clear what additional precautions were taken to prepare for such a release.Much of the documents were redacted. Among the items blacked out was a line specifying whether workers were required to have phones that could work at the remote site, at an elevation of 11,000 feet.A 71-page safety plan for the site included only a few lines describing what to do if there was a spill: Locate the source and stop the flow, begin containment and recovery of the spilled materials, and alert downstream drinking water systems as needed.EPA spokesman David Gray said Saturday that the work order outlined steps that should have been followed, but he did not directly address whether those steps were followed, citing ongoing investigations into the accident.Colorado Attorney General Cynthia Coffman said after reviewing the documents that she remained frustrated with the EPA’s lack of answers.“The plan indicates there was an understanding of what might happen and what the potential consequences were. We don’t know whether they followed the plan,” Coffman told The Associated Press. “I want to give the EPA the benefit of the doubt here. I really want to do that. It’s getting harder.”The wastewater flowed into a tributary of the Animas and San Juan rivers, turning them a sickly yellow-orange colour and tainting them with lead, arsenic, thallium and other heavy metals that can cause health problems and harm aquatic life. The toxic plume travelled roughly 300 miles through Colorado, New Mexico and Utah, to Lake Powell on the Arizona-Utah border.EPA water testing has shown contamination levels returning to pre-spill levels, though experts warn some of the contaminants likely sunk and mixed with bottom sediments and could someday be stirred back up.The documents released at about 10:30 p.m. EDT Friday did not account for what happened immediately before or after the spill.Elected officials have been critical of the EPA’s response. Among the unanswered questions is why it took the agency nearly a day to inform downstream communities that rely on the rivers for drinking water.Coffman criticized the “late Friday night document dump” and said the redaction of key facts would heighten public suspicions. She also indicated that it undercut EPA Administrator Gina McCarthy’s statements accepting responsibility.EPA spokeswoman Melissa Harrison said the agency has been inundated with media inquiries and worked diligently to respond to them. All information must go through a legal review, she added.“I do not want people to think we put something out late at night to hide something,” she said.U.S. Rep. Lamar Smith, a Texas Republican who chairs the House Science Committee, said the EPA “has an obligation to be more forthcoming.” He called for McCarthy to appear before his committee next month.U.S. Sen. Cory Gardner, R-Colo., said it was unacceptable that the EPA did not prevent the accident when it knew of the massive quantities of contaminated water inside the mine.Environmental Restoration has confirmed its employees were present at the mine when the spill occurred but declined to provide more detail, saying that would violate “confidentiality obligations.”The St. Louis, Missouri, company bills itself as the EPA’s prime contractor for emergency services across most of the U.S.The EPA has not yet provided a copy of its contract with the company. On a March 2015 cost estimate for Gold King, the agency blacked out all the dollar figures.The emergency response to the spill has cost the EPA at least $3.7 million so far, according to the agency.Toxic water continues to flow out of the mine. Since the accident, the EPA has built a series of ponds so contaminated sediments can settle out before the water enters a nearby creek.The agency said more needs to be done and the potential remains for another blowout.___Brown reported from Billings, Montana.___Follow Michael Biesecker at http://twitter.com/mbieseck . FILE – In this Aug. 12, 2015 file photo, water flows through a series of retention ponds built to contain and filter out heavy metals and chemicals from the Gold King mine chemical accident, in the spillway about 1/4 mile downstream from the mine, outside Silverton, Colo. Internal documents released by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency on Friday, Aug. 21, show managers at the EPA were aware of the potential for a catastrophic “blowout” at an abandoned mine that could release “large volumes” of wastewater laced with toxic heavy metals. (AP Photo/Brennan Linsley, File) by Michael Biesecker And Matthew Brown, The Associated Press Posted Aug 22, 2015 10:46 am MDT Last Updated Aug 22, 2015 at 6:20 pm MDT AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to RedditRedditShare to 電子郵件Email